Vietnam War Resisters in Canada

A Guide to Web Sites
 


This web site complements an offline annotated bibliography project underway since January 2000. A September 2014 major revision reorganizes the material and verifies all links. The previous version (with no updating or further maintenance) will remain available as an archive file. (For that link, see the last item listed below.) Because of the increasing volume of internet-accessible material, preference tends to be given to items not available in print format. More emphasis is being placed on complementarity. Much of this listing forms the internet resources component of the larger bibliographic project. Special preference is given to personal recollections. Selected entries are listed in order of assessed relevance, interest, significance, extent of content, currency, etc. Each entry is assigned one or more controlled-terminology tags to describe content. This means that the web browser search function can be used to access particular desired content. Items marked “[Internet Archive]” are no longer found at their original web site and for this reason may be assigned a lower position in the order of the listing.
 
Tag List:  anti-draft | archive | audio | bibliography | biography | blog entry | conference | document | documentary film | encyclopedia | event | history | memoir | Montreal | organization | periodical article | photo | poetry | research paper | student project | timeline | Toronto | Vancouver | video | women


 
Vietnam War Deserters and Draft Resisters in Canada : List of Selected Works / Joseph Jones
Three lists of books.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  bibliography
 

Historical Notes on Vietnam War Resisters in Canada / Joseph Jones
No. 1:  The Numbers for U.S. Draft Resisters and Deserters Who Moved to Canada
No. 2:  Canadian Immigration Policy 1966-1974 and the Arrival of U.S. Vietnam War Resisters
No. 3:  Pierre Trudeau’s Views on U.S. Vietnam War Resisters
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  history
 

Seeking Sanctuary: Draft Dodgers
Twenty-two TV and radio segments from CBC Archives.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  archive | audio | video
 

Draft-dodgers : insoumis, déserteurs et réfractaires
Ten TV and seven radio segments from Archives de Radio-Canada.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  archive | audio | video
 

The Ragnarokr Cordwainery : The History of an American Exile Community in Toronto, 1968-1996 / Philip M. Mullins
Although focused on Ragnarokr, this wiki site includes much material on the larger Toronto exile community. Includes biographies of about thirty individuals.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  biography | history | organization | Toronto
 

Mark Satin
Mark Satin — Co-founder of Toronto Anti-Draft Programme and author of Manual for Draft-Age Immigrants to Canada.
Toronto Anti-Draft Programme: Where the Guys Who Said "No!" Came for Help / Mark Satin — Materials from and comment about the assistance program. Expanded in 2014.
Manual for Draft-Age Immigrants to Canada / Mark Satin — About the guide used by many Americans who immigrated to Canada during the Vietnam War era. Expanded in 2014.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  biography | memoir | organization | Toronto
 

In Exile: American Draft Resisters and Deserters in Canada / Anton Wagner
This 46 minute film from 1972 features draft resisters, deserters, counselors at the Toronto Anti-Draft Programme, and an editor from Amex-Canada.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  documentary film
 

The Montreal Council to Aid War Resisters & the American Refugee Service / Gary W. Davis
The director of the Council and Service 1972-1975 recalls his experiences with those assistance groups.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  memoir | organization | Montreal
 

The Virtual Vietnam Archive
This massive “donation-driven archive” aims to “collect and present all sides and viewpoints of the era.” Scope: “Types of material include documents, photographs, slides, negatives, oral histories, artifacts, moving images, sound recordings, maps, and collection finding aids. All non-copyrighted and digitized materials are available for users to download.“ One example of available material is a scan of the November 1966 version of Immigration to Canada and Its Relation to the Draft published by Vancouver Committee to Aid American War Objectors. Another is an extensive 2001 interview with John Swalby, who deserted to Canada in 1968. Sophisticated searching ability will prove an asset.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  archive
 

Valid Offers, Technical Truth : Part I / Tom Yori
Valid Offers, Technical Truth : Part II / Tom Yori

A draft resister recalls trying to get landed immigrant status at the Canadian border. Published in Viet Nam Generation 4:1-2 (April 1992)
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  memoir
 

Adjustment of Status Program, 1973
An Immigration Historical Note from Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Landed immigrant status was granted to 39,000 illegal immigrants, including draft resisters and deserters. [Internet Archive]
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  history
 

Baldwin Street Gallery
Participant photographers Laura Jones and John F. Phillips took contemporary photographs in Toronto. The section Anti-War Movement includes subsections for Baldwin Street American Exile Community 1960s and 1970s [6 images] and Toronto Anti-Draft Programme 1967 [3 images].
Also see:  Baldwin Street, American Exile & Alternative Lifestyle Community, Toronto, Canada, 1967-74, Stock Photo Gallery Index
Separate sections for:  storefronts, demonstrations, street festivals, communes & country, birth & babies, people & street life, children, Baldwin/Darcy laneway, Vietnam War resisters, Rochdale College. Draft Dodgers & Deserters from the War in Vietnam 1967-1974 constitutes the Vietnam War Resisters section and includes 20 images.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  organization | photos | Toronto
 

American Deserters Committee
Freedom of Information Act files from the FBI concerning the American Deserters Committee (Montreal) – six parts in pdf format. [Internet Archive]
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  archive | Montreal | organization
 

Our Way Home: Peace Event & Reunion
On 4-8 July 2007 Vietnam War Resisters in Canada met together for the second year in a row. The program included 12 presentations in two session titled A New Generation of Research on Vietnam War Resisters in Canada.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  conference | event
 

Our Way Home Peace Event & Reunion / Andrei Conovaloff
“A Review of the Event and News about It”
Documents the Our Way Home reunions, related events, and media coverage for 2006-2008.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  event
 

Americans / J.M. Bumsted
This entry from Encyclopedia of Canada’s Peoples includes material on Vietnam-era American emigration to Canada.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  encyclopedia
 

Better Lands and a Perfect Home: Americans in Canada / Mary Murphy
This 112-page item (April 1989) with bibliography of 38 sources is written by an American woman who immigrated to Canada in 1972. Part II The Vietnam Era (p. 36-56) reviews and questions previous studies of that period’s U.S. immigrants. Part III (p. 58-97) reports on a study of 40 persons in the Sointula/northern Vancouver Island area. All were surveyed July 1987 to March 1989 by questionnaire, and 27 supplemented with interviews. [Internet Archive]
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  research paper | women
 

Draft Dodger: On to Vancouver / Suzanne DeRusha
Recollection of 1965 immigration to Vancouver from Los Angeles and subsequent involvement with the underground railroad.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  blog entry | memoir | women
 

A Neglected Number: American Women’s Immigration Experience in Canada During the Vietnam War / Karen M. Dabney
Includes statistics, images, a personal narrative, and a list of works cited. Course work for Women’s Studies 399, Spring 2003, St. Olaf College. [Internet Archive]
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  student project | women
 

Alternative Service or Alternative Resistance?: a Vietnam War Draft Resister in Canada / Sam Steiner
”Partly autobiography and partly a review of the non-cooperation alternative.“
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  history | memoir | periodical article
 

A Few Biographical Notes / Mark Frutkin
Writer living in Ottawa.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  memoir
 

Conferences: ‘Canada as Refuge?’
University of Edinburgh, Canadian Studies. Record of 1-2 May 2008 31st annual conference. Specifically relevant papers by Campbell, Colson, House, Lexier, Olafson, Romano, Squires.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  conference
 

Called to Serve Vietnam — Those Who Left
Two entries:  Craig Dreezen and John Strickland.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  memoir
 

Promised Land: Escape from the USA — Gary Hoag
Vietnam-era deserter is one of a series of ten stories told by immigrants and refugees who came to Canada.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  audio | memoir
 

One Couple's Experience — johnb
Report on experience of informing U.S. Dept. of State in 2012 of 1973 intentional loss of U.S. citizenship.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  blog entry | memoir
 

Vancouver Yippie
Vancouver Yippie! — A collection of links and materials.
Yippies — A section of Vancouver Anarchist Online Archive.
Draft resisters are mentioned as a component of the forces that invaded Blaine, Washington on 9 May 1970.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  history | memoir | Vancouver
 

Storming The Barricades, 1967-1973: Vancouver’s Underground Press Gangs / Rick McGrath
This extensive listing of individuals associated with the early years of the Georgia Straight includes a number of draft resisters. [Internet Archive]
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  biography | memoir | Vancouver
 

Draft-Age Americans in Canada
A section from Forging our Legacy: Canadian Citizenship and Immigration, 1900-1977, a book by Valerie Knowles commissioned by the federal department. The 1970 photograph of the Montreal American Deserters Committee can also be found in: Spencer, William, “Why they won’t fight,” Weekend magazine 20:6 (Feb. 7, 1970) 2. There the individuals are identified as: Larry Svirchev, Jim Weeks, Paul Petri, Steve Argo, John Nichols (left to right).
Special Note: The above link became a matter of controversy in 2009 because the material was removed from the Government of Canada web site (possibly reflecting a current Canadian government attitude toward Iraq War deserters in Canada). On 4 July 2009 Sue Bailey of Canadian Press reported on Ken Marciniec’s access to information attempts to discover why the information disappeared. The link now works again.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  history
 

Ronald J. Anderson, deserter from U.S. Army, is arrested in Peace Arch Park on August 24, 1974 / Daryl C. McClary
Article from HistoryLink.org, the free online encyclopedia of Washington State history.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  encyclopedia
 

Vietnam War Resisters: Then and Now
Stories with photos of thirteen men who came to Canada during the Vietnam War.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  biography
 

The Carter Pardon of January 21, 1977
Texts:
Proclamation 4483 – Granting pardon for violations of the Selective Service Act, August 4, 1964 to March 28, 1973
Executive Order 11967 – Relating to violations of the Selective Service Act, August 4, 1964 to March 28, 1973
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  document
 

The Vietnam Lotteries
The Selective Service System describes the draft lotteries and list the results for seven lotteries held 1970-1976 for men born 1944-1956.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  document
 

Hell No We Won't Go
Facebook promotion site for 2013 television documentary.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  documentary film
 

Edward I. Koch
Transcript from Notable New Yorkers produced by Oral History Research Office, Columbia University Libraries. Former Congressman Koch discusses his December 1969 visit to Canada to talk with draft resisters (pages 529-532).
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  memoir
 

Television News Archive, Vanderbilt University
“The world’s most extensive and complete archive of television news” includes ABC, CBS, and NBC evening news programs since August 5, 1968. A database provides access through abstracts for each story. Records include interviews with American exiles in Canada.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  archive | video
 

Building Sanctuary: the Movement to Support Vietnam War Resisters in Canada, 1965-1973 / Jessica Squires
Source:  ActiveHistory.ca (29 Nov 2013)
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  blog entry
 

The Re-writing of History: the Misuse of the Draft “Dodger” Myth against Iraq War Resisters in Canada / Luke Stewart
Source:  ActiveHistory.ca
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  research paper
 

From Deserters’ Oasis to Deportation Orders / Dave Perri
Source:  Peace Magazine 25:2 (Apr-Jun 2009) 11
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  periodical article
 

Future Stress: the Psychology of Exile / Jack Colhoun and Joseph Jones
Source:  Amex Canada 4:6 / 38 (Jan.-Mar. 1974) 42-44
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  periodical article
 

Remembering the Draft Evaders / Hugh Brewster
Source:  Zoomer (21 Jan 2013)
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  periodical article
 

A Brief and Incomplete Bibliography of Works about American Draft Dodgers and Deserters from the Vietnam War / Stuart Spore
A twenty-item listing.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  bibliography
 

Vietnam War Internet Links / William A. Joseph, Wellesley College
Includes sections for Draft and Antiwar Movement.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  bibliography
 

Frank H. Epp  1929-1986
An entry from the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Editor of I Would Like to Dodge the Draft Dodgers, But … (1970) — the first book published on the subject of American Vietnam War resisters in Canada.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  biography | encyclopedia
 

Nancy Meek Pocock  1910-1998
Toronto supporter of Vietnam war resisters.
Added:  Oct 2014
Tags:  biography
 

joenickell.com
Joe Nickell resided in Canada 1968-1977 as a war resister exile. Brief illustrated accounts are provided under the headings War Resister and Anti-War Activist and Federal Fugitive under the Personas tab.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  biography
 

Exiled American Refused Pardon
Now a physician in Sweden, Michael Bransome spent a year en route in Canada. He remains an unpardoned exile from the United States.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  biography
 

A Hundred Years of Immigration to Canada 1900-1999
This timeline from Canadian Council for Refugees includes events relevant to the history of U.S. Vietnam War resister migration to Canada.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  timeline
 

Immigration to Canada 1928-1971
Six tables of statistics provided by Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21 (Halifax).
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  statistics
 

War Resistance, Amnesty and Exile – Just the Facts / Harold Jordan
Basic account produced by American Friends Service Committee May 2000.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  periodical article
 

History: Reversing the Vietnam Verdict / Jack A. Smith
On 28 May 2012 Barack Obama launched a "Vietnam War Commemoration," a thirteen-year project designed "to justify, glorify and honor Washington’s catastrophic, aggressive and losing war against Vietnam."
Added:  Nov 2014
Tags:  periodical article
 

Sir! No Sir!
Film: The web site related to this documentary on the GI resistance to the Vietnam War includes
1) a Library with browsable readings, a database, a subject index, reproduced pamphlets, and reports from investigations
2) a Resistance Chronology with one general and six subject timelines 1964-1973,
3) Galleries with more than 1200 images (cartoons, GI newspaper covers, photographs), and
4) Audio Resources
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  archive | documentary film
 

Rick Bébout
Leaving America … and laying America to Rest — A section from his larger work An American Education
Yankee Refugees : Escape from Freedom — Part of Time and Place: Toronto, 1971, excerpted from the initial chapters of what was to have been a book on the history of The Body Politic (Toronto).
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  memoir
 

About the Vietnam War (1960-1975)
Part of the Modern American Poetry site.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  poetry
 

My Draft Resistance / Eric Pence
Recollection of 1969 draft refusal in Seattle that might have led to Canada but did not.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  memoir
 

RITA (Resistance in the Army) / Max Watts
[Internet Archive]
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  memoir | organization
 

Vietnam War Bibliography / Edwin E. Moïse
Includes relevant items, particularly under subheadings The Antiwar Movement and International — Canada.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  bibliography
 

Men and Women Who Dare to Say No : Mennonite Resistance to Draft Registration 1980-1985 / Mark Becker
A substantial essay based on primary research.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  research paper
 

Draft Registration, Draft Resistance, the Military Draft, and the Medical Draft / Edward Hasbrouck
A large collection of information, on a web site hosted in Canada, regularly maintained by a long-standing draft resistance activist.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  anti-draft
 

Archived Version of Vietnam War Resisters in Canada
The version of this web site that existed prior to the extensive revision of September 2014.
Added:  Sept 2014
Tags:  archive
 
 

 



 

Suggestions for additions are welcome. For contact information see  Joseph Jones.

 

Established May 2001
 
First extensive revision February 2004
 
Little updating from July 2009 to September 2014
 
Web site migrated July 2013
 
Second extensive revision September 2014
 
Last updated 6 December 2014
 
Hosted by Vancouver Community Network

 

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