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Source: Juristat, Statistics Canada

Incarceration rates

On any given day in Canada during 2004-2005...

Deaths in the Criminal Justice System

Number of Prisons in Canada

The Costs of Incarceration

Conditional Sentencing

Remand Rates (2004-5)

Includes persons awaiting trial, who have not been convicted of a crime.

Custody Rates (2004-5)

People who have been convicted of a crime and are serving time in custody (i.e. in a prison or jail).

Aboriginal Adults (2004-2005)

Aboriginal Women (2004-2005)

These high rates of imprisonment remain despite changes made by parliament to the sentencing provisions of the criminal code. These changes to the criminal code were designed to address the issue of overrepresentation of First Nations within the sentenced prison population. s.718.2(e) of the criminal code provides that "all available sanctions other than imprisonment that are reasonable in the circumstances should be considered for all offenders, with particular attention to the circumstances of Aboriginal offenders."

Aboriginal Youth (2001-2002)

Female Aboriginal Youth

Male Aboriginal Youth

Women (2004-5)

Youth (12-17 year of age)